CKD Definitions & Descriptions...

...learn the tune...

 

 

The following define or describe terms as they relate to kidney disease used in this 'musical score'...

 

  • Diabetes:

    • May cause damage to many organs including the heart, kidneys, blood vessels, nerves and eyes.

    • A urine protein (micro albumin) is one of the earliest findings of diabetic related kidney damage.

    • To modify the risk of developing kidney disease, diabetics can:

      • test sugars regularly and keep blood sugar levels controlled

      • eat healthy

      • exercise daily

      • keep blood pressure controlled to at least 140/90 though some recommend less than 130/80

      • restrict salt in diet

      • quit smoking

      • keep lipids (fats) under control

    • Have urine and blood tests done at least once per year to monitor kidney function.

 

TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT KIDNEY DISEASE & WHAT YOU CAN DO TO PREVENT IT. 

 

 

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure):

    • Is a leading cause not only of kidney failure, but also of stroke.

    • Causes damage to both large and small blood vessels.

    • Damages the glomeruli (kidney filters) and impairs the filtration of the blood.  If uncontrolled, this may ultimately cause the kidneys to fail.

    • To help slow or halt the progression of kidney disease:

      • monitor home blood pressure keeping it under control (less than 140/90)

      • restrict salt intake

      • eat healthy

      • exercise daily

      • lose weight if necessary

      • restrict alcohol use

      • quit smoking

      • take blood pressure medication as prescribed

    • Have urine and blood tests done at least once per year to monitor kidney function.

 

TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT KIDNEY DISEASE & WHAT YOU CAN DO TO PREVENT IT.

 

 

  • Anemia:

    • A condition in which the number of RBCs (red blood cells) is reduced below normal.

    • Its causes are many.  CKD is one of them.

    • Kidneys produce a hormone (chemical) called erythropoietin (EPO for short) which signals the body (specifically the bone marrow) to produce RBCs.

    • As kidneys fail, EPO production is reduced and finally stops - anemia results.

    • What can be done?

      • EPO injections are available to counteract the anemia.  (It is vital that iron levels be kept normal for EPO to work properly.)

    • Your doctor will know when and if any action should be taken by periodically monitoring your blood count.

 

TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT KIDNEY DISEASE & WHAT YOU CAN DO TO PREVENT IT.

 

 

  • (Renal) Bone Disease:

    • Normal kidneys function to keep bones healthy.

    • Kidney disease causes the structure of bone to deteriorate.

    • Several factors are involved:

      • Vitamin D activation is impaired.

      • Calcium in the diet cannot be absorbed properly.

      • A compoud called Phosphorus begins to increase.

      • A coordinating hormone called PTH (parathyroid hormone) becomes overactive.

      • A complex cascade of events associated with balancing and regulating these important substances of healthy bones is inturrupted.

    • Careful monitoring of the levels of these substances is crucial in protecting bone health.

 

TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT KIDNEY DISEASE & WHAT YOU CAN DO TO PREVENT IT.

 
 
 

The Eastern Regional Kidney Foundation

4822 Market Street, #240, Boardman, OH  44512

p. 888.614.7313     f. 888.614.7166     e. info.erkidney@gmail.com

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